Myopia (Short-sightedness)

 

Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eye and is becoming more prevalent. A myopic, or short-sighted person, has trouble seeing clearly far away. Usually, their distance vision will be blurry and their reading vision will be clear.

In myopia light comes to focus in front of the retina (back of the eye) instead of on the retina. This may occur for two reasons; either the focusing system (the lens and cornea) is too strong, or the eye is relatively too long.

The Perfect Eye

The Myopic Eye


There are a number of ways to correct myopia, which may involve spectacles, contact lenses, or refractive surgery. Each of these options focus the light on the retina, making the distance vision clear.

The exact cause of myopia is still not clearly understood. Fortunately, we are learning more and there are now treatment programmes which have been shown to slow the progression of myopia, especially in children. These Myopia Control options include Orthokeratology, Atropine eye drops, soft contact lenses, and spectacles lenses.

Myopia Control is a very exciting new area of optometry and we are happy to discuss these possibilities with you.